Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 1,063,574
2 United States 707,507
3 United Kingdom 598,665
4 Australia 477,538
5 Malaysia 179,453
6 Turkey 159,363
7 Canada 152,382
8 Netherlands 126,406
9 India 104,878
10 South Korea 94,941
11 Indonesia 94,880
12 Norway 93,000
13 Brazil 91,248
14 Sweden 76,741
15 Iran 68,950
16 Germany 67,123
17 Thailand 66,092
18 Taiwan 65,752
19 Italy 65,720
20 New Zealand 65,015

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach