Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 936,874
2 United States 653,770
3 United Kingdom 544,180
4 Australia 455,677
5 Malaysia 178,727
6 Canada 141,379
7 Turkey 140,733
8 Netherlands 114,671
9 India 106,876
10 Brazil 90,005
11 Indonesia 89,869
12 Norway 86,138
13 Iran 83,627
14 South Korea 76,659
15 Thailand 72,096
16 Germany 67,190
17 Sweden 65,316
18 Taiwan 64,913
19 New Zealand 57,859
20 Italy 57,328

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach