Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 1,478,742
2 United Kingdom 1,385,008
3 United States 857,264
4 Germany 515,257
5 Australia 477,642
6 India 412,985
7 Netherlands 380,948
8 Brazil 265,436
9 Turkey 251,226
10 Taiwan 244,298
11 Malaysia 198,270
12 Thailand 182,125
13 Sweden 180,034
14 Canada 175,868
15 Indonesia 175,544
16 Italy 155,269
17 Iran 141,212
18 France 138,224
19 South Korea 127,632
20 Hong Kong 115,242

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach