Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 666,877
2 United States 223,149
3 Thailand 208,481
4 Brazil 127,065
5 Taiwan 112,588
6 Japan 103,564
7 India 99,510
8 Turkey 85,766
9 South Korea 85,630
10 Spain 76,715
11 Italy 71,919
12 Australia 62,705
13 United Kingdom 61,751
14 Mexico 58,357
15 Malaysia 53,860
16 South Africa 53,527
17 Canada 45,790
18 New Zealand 43,231
19 Russia 42,726
20 Pakistan 41,450

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach