Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 1,025,233
2 United States 241,163
3 India 170,714
4 Japan 156,540
5 South Korea 134,260
6 Taiwan 84,971
7 Russia 78,362
8 Turkey 71,504
9 Poland 65,737
10 Brazil 64,094
11 United Kingdom 58,749
12 Germany 55,869
13 France 52,119
14 Mexico 37,354
15 Canada 37,143
16 Malaysia 36,337
17 Egypt 31,156
18 Italy 30,440
19 Australia 29,365
20 Spain 27,205

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach