Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 4,674,624
2 United States 796,220
3 India 397,032
4 United Kingdom 334,702
5 South Korea 299,350
6 Taiwan 211,409
7 Australia 203,276
8 Turkey 189,472
9 Canada 170,086
10 Japan 151,211
11 Brazil 144,250
12 Germany 113,770
13 Malaysia 107,852
14 Spain 101,121
15 Netherlands 97,462
16 France 94,035
17 Hong Kong 91,133
18 Italy 89,263
19 Indonesia 68,318
20 Thailand 66,498

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach