Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 4,079,018
2 United States 718,451
3 India 432,959
4 United Kingdom 303,110
5 South Korea 249,846
6 Taiwan 204,226
7 Australia 186,138
8 Turkey 173,156
9 Canada 159,965
10 Brazil 155,364
11 Japan 139,641
12 Germany 118,010
13 Malaysia 115,599
14 Iran 97,903
15 Spain 91,292
16 Netherlands 85,410
17 France 85,341
18 Russia 80,722
19 Thailand 79,345
20 Italy 76,076

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach