Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 2,791,456
2 India 1,016,642
3 United States 673,880
4 Germany 456,002
5 United Kingdom 407,463
6 South Korea 329,532
7 Turkey 281,691
8 Japan 266,308
9 Taiwan 243,679
10 Brazil 204,729
11 Canada 171,208
12 France 159,621
13 Malaysia 157,742
14 Australia 155,889
15 Russia 128,548
16 Italy 122,070
17 Thailand 121,288
18 Poland 92,558
19 Iran 88,163
20 Spain 81,020

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach