Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 2,792,238
2 India 836,956
3 United States 669,951
4 Germany 413,228
5 United Kingdom 395,697
6 South Korea 322,344
7 Turkey 267,534
8 Japan 247,593
9 Taiwan 242,753
10 Brazil 188,211
11 Canada 157,063
12 France 151,476
13 Australia 150,917
14 Malaysia 127,167
15 Italy 119,724
16 Russia 114,068
17 Thailand 102,542
18 Poland 87,292
19 Iran 80,180
20 Spain 76,153

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach