Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 165,997
2 China 159,454
3 United Kingdom 62,362
4 France 38,088
5 Japan 31,684
6 Canada 29,824
7 India 29,774
8 Germany 29,130
9 Brazil 26,310
10 Australia 25,996
11 South Korea 25,868
12 Thailand 19,620
13 Italy 19,117
14 Spain 18,612
15 Netherlands 15,617
16 Mexico 15,599
17 Turkey 12,579
18 Belgium 12,415
19 Taiwan 11,929
20 Russia 11,505

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach