Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 510,715
2 United States 130,851
3 India 87,159
4 Japan 81,605
5 South Korea 62,484
6 United Kingdom 59,415
7 Turkey 48,625
8 Taiwan 39,712
9 Brazil 37,993
10 Australia 35,612
11 Germany 32,439
12 Thailand 31,009
13 Malaysia 29,783
14 Canada 27,628
15 France 26,681
16 Iran 24,572
17 Pakistan 20,402
18 Russia 17,798
19 Mexico 17,747
20 Indonesia 15,994

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach