Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 1,322,867
2 United Kingdom 1,217,620
3 China 952,012
4 Australia 531,865
5 Netherlands 383,582
6 Germany 374,697
7 Canada 345,763
8 France 209,487
9 Sweden 175,590
10 Brazil 170,809
11 Italy 160,422
12 Spain 135,983
13 Japan 120,380
14 Switzerland 116,643
15 South Africa 116,430
16 India 112,856
17 Turkey 105,029
18 Belgium 99,872
19 Austria 97,633
20 New Zealand 94,073

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach