Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 1,342,311
2 United Kingdom 1,108,451
3 China 879,756
4 Australia 523,924
5 Germany 396,201
6 Canada 336,991
7 Netherlands 336,750
8 France 186,975
9 Brazil 175,489
10 Sweden 155,328
11 Italy 141,500
12 India 123,807
13 Spain 122,516
14 South Africa 122,072
15 Japan 115,639
16 Switzerland 103,462
17 Turkey 92,824
18 New Zealand 90,848
19 Belgium 89,765
20 Indonesia 86,882

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach