Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 337,855
2 United States 184,073
3 Japan 182,615
4 Germany 78,648
5 United Kingdom 65,406
6 India 59,456
7 South Korea 53,859
8 Russia 39,432
9 Brazil 34,525
10 Turkey 26,372
11 France 22,851
12 Switzerland 22,150
13 Taiwan 18,807
14 Canada 18,796
15 Italy 17,190
16 Netherlands 16,738
17 Australia 15,660
18 Portugal 14,604
19 Poland 13,046
20 Malaysia 11,968

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach