Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 2,642,031
2 United States 800,605
3 South Korea 428,566
4 Japan 356,542
5 United Kingdom 317,524
6 India 239,290
7 Brazil 232,314
8 Germany 222,299
9 Russia 188,529
10 Spain 177,875
11 France 141,814
12 Taiwan 137,770
13 Thailand 134,941
14 Canada 133,260
15 Italy 131,296
16 Netherlands 126,656
17 Mexico 124,956
18 Australia 110,701
19 Turkey 108,974
20 Malaysia 105,518

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach