Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 2,775,610
2 United States 770,403
3 South Korea 466,493
4 Japan 358,925
5 United Kingdom 313,812
6 India 232,488
7 Brazil 212,648
8 Germany 197,447
9 Spain 185,151
10 Russia 171,364
11 Taiwan 142,739
12 Italy 135,623
13 France 135,535
14 Canada 132,498
15 Netherlands 123,864
16 Thailand 115,350
17 Australia 112,092
18 Turkey 110,737
19 Mexico 109,603
20 Malaysia 98,838

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach