Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 334,885
2 China 145,800
3 United Kingdom 98,057
4 Japan 70,569
5 Canada 49,685
6 South Korea 43,502
7 Italy 40,531
8 Germany 40,264
9 Australia 39,454
10 Turkey 32,402
11 France 30,240
12 Brazil 28,723
13 Netherlands 27,194
14 Belgium 21,946
15 Mexico 19,724
16 Taiwan 17,704
17 Spain 17,678
18 Switzerland 17,574
19 Thailand 14,547
20 India 13,770

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

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