Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 197,779
2 Japan 162,485
3 China 119,984
4 United Kingdom 44,403
5 Germany 37,236
6 South Korea 34,556
7 Australia 27,291
8 Canada 22,670
9 Italy 20,455
10 Taiwan 17,387
11 Netherlands 17,238
12 Switzerland 15,055
13 France 13,741
14 Turkey 12,831
15 Thailand 11,686
16 India 11,461
17 Spain 10,235
18 Brazil 9,512
19 Iran 6,489
20 Poland 6,197

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach