Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 286,248
2 China 171,355
3 United Kingdom 117,067
4 Germany 98,237
5 Japan 49,435
6 Netherlands 41,262
7 Australia 39,156
8 Canada 30,530
9 France 27,960
10 Italy 25,900
11 South Korea 21,943
12 Switzerland 20,485
13 India 19,349
14 Spain 17,750
15 Taiwan 15,188
16 Hong Kong 13,024
17 Israel 12,452
18 Turkey 12,061
19 Russia 10,101
20 Austria 10,032

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach