Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 186,548
2 United Kingdom 105,569
3 China 71,771
4 Australia 57,433
5 Canada 21,318
6 Sweden 20,300
7 Hong Kong 18,163
8 Netherlands 11,619
9 Turkey 11,431
10 South Africa 10,090
11 Taiwan 9,849
12 Malaysia 9,613
13 Finland 8,866
14 Germany 8,207
15 Thailand 7,695
16 New Zealand 7,587
17 Spain 7,460
18 South Korea 7,395
19 Japan 6,976
20 Singapore 5,991

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach