Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 189,209
2 United Kingdom 99,319
3 China 68,638
4 Australia 54,770
5 Canada 20,607
6 Sweden 18,191
7 Hong Kong 17,306
8 South Africa 10,512
9 Netherlands 10,445
10 Turkey 10,252
11 Taiwan 9,950
12 Malaysia 9,303
13 Germany 8,912
14 Thailand 8,443
15 New Zealand 7,856
16 Finland 7,754
17 South Korea 7,384
18 Spain 6,904
19 Japan 6,547
20 Singapore 5,983

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach