Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 789,045
2 United States 354,520
3 India 264,053
4 Germany 117,039
5 United Kingdom 113,743
6 Turkey 93,650
7 South Korea 68,782
8 Canada 62,142
9 Japan 56,937
10 France 55,987
11 Australia 46,724
12 Italy 46,508
13 Pakistan 43,368
14 Taiwan 42,869
15 Thailand 42,789
16 Iran 40,826
17 Brazil 40,603
18 Spain 34,784
19 Malaysia 33,277
20 Russia 31,930

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach