Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 797,288
2 United States 373,976
3 India 285,982
4 Germany 123,805
5 United Kingdom 114,688
6 Turkey 92,151
7 South Korea 67,012
8 Canada 63,516
9 Japan 57,415
10 Russia 55,637
11 France 55,445
12 Iran 51,987
13 Brazil 50,210
14 Taiwan 48,727
15 Australia 48,655
16 Thailand 47,377
17 Italy 45,012
18 Pakistan 43,012
19 Malaysia 41,097
20 Spain 34,877

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach