Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 481,773
2 United States 223,395
3 Brazil 174,845
4 Japan 125,007
5 Russia 105,923
6 India 93,098
7 Thailand 93,003
8 United Kingdom 85,507
9 Turkey 82,720
10 Germany 76,937
11 South Korea 76,836
12 Malaysia 76,650
13 Taiwan 74,955
14 France 74,058
15 Spain 70,206
16 Canada 52,534
17 Portugal 48,127
18 Italy 44,591
19 Colombia 43,423
20 Mexico 39,318

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach