Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 502,638
2 United States 226,493
3 Brazil 208,505
4 Japan 137,240
5 United Kingdom 89,307
6 South Korea 85,411
7 Spain 79,541
8 Turkey 79,296
9 Russia 73,700
10 Thailand 72,163
11 India 71,610
12 Germany 71,021
13 Taiwan 65,555
14 Malaysia 62,335
15 France 60,014
16 Canada 59,383
17 Italy 48,057
18 Australia 42,705
19 Portugal 42,543
20 Mexico 40,771

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach