Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 512,577
2 United States 229,368
3 Brazil 211,616
4 Japan 134,148
5 United Kingdom 90,041
6 South Korea 89,028
7 Spain 84,039
8 Turkey 80,968
9 Taiwan 65,428
10 India 64,328
11 Germany 64,076
12 Canada 61,328
13 France 61,058
14 Thailand 57,658
15 Malaysia 55,794
16 Russia 53,446
17 Italy 51,696
18 Australia 46,137
19 Portugal 42,422
20 Colombia 37,350

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach