Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 497,619
2 United States 221,264
3 Brazil 194,064
4 Japan 132,694
5 Russia 101,325
6 Thailand 96,767
7 India 90,536
8 United Kingdom 89,979
9 Turkey 86,091
10 South Korea 82,620
11 Germany 79,036
12 Malaysia 75,410
13 Taiwan 73,381
14 Spain 71,430
15 France 68,004
16 Canada 57,965
17 Portugal 47,454
18 Italy 45,717
19 Mexico 44,268
20 Colombia 43,504

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach