Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 380,142
2 Canada 54,836
3 Japan 54,354
4 China 54,017
5 Germany 41,602
6 Italy 35,965
7 South Korea 35,504
8 Netherlands 30,209
9 United Kingdom 26,819
10 Brazil 26,319
11 Sweden 22,217
12 Australia 18,046
13 Spain 17,907
14 Switzerland 15,105
15 France 14,445
16 Norway 13,144
17 Belgium 11,213
18 Taiwan 10,549
19 India 8,425
20 Greece 7,672

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach