Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 394,033
2 Japan 58,736
3 China 57,688
4 Canada 56,214
5 Italy 37,050
6 South Korea 36,909
7 Germany 36,749
8 Netherlands 32,718
9 United Kingdom 27,641
10 Brazil 24,111
11 Australia 21,232
12 Sweden 20,734
13 Spain 16,537
14 Switzerland 16,306
15 France 13,890
16 Norway 13,671
17 Belgium 11,290
18 Taiwan 10,384
19 India 8,847
20 Mexico 6,658

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach