Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 995,524
2 United States 453,253
3 United Kingdom 169,371
4 Japan 132,136
5 South Korea 117,031
6 India 114,106
7 Germany 103,445
8 Canada 73,263
9 Australia 68,802
10 Taiwan 60,404
11 Brazil 51,105
12 Turkey 49,310
13 Netherlands 48,589
14 Italy 47,923
15 Spain 46,983
16 France 42,572
17 Switzerland 32,946
18 Hong Kong 30,392
19 Malaysia 27,746
20 Russia 25,668

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach