Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 818,175
2 United States 424,514
3 United Kingdom 151,182
4 Japan 126,238
5 India 117,624
6 Germany 104,235
7 South Korea 96,982
8 Canada 70,162
9 Australia 63,605
10 Taiwan 54,970
11 Brazil 51,923
12 Turkey 43,117
13 Netherlands 43,110
14 Italy 41,373
15 France 37,520
16 Switzerland 29,542
17 Malaysia 27,991
18 Spain 27,962
19 Russia 26,235
20 Hong Kong 24,586

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach