Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 599,929
2 Australia 159,957
3 United Kingdom 146,849
4 China 88,849
5 Brazil 83,302
6 Germany 58,556
7 South Korea 52,524
8 Canada 49,192
9 Turkey 41,636
10 Belgium 39,690
11 India 39,555
12 Taiwan 38,758
13 Spain 37,266
14 Iran 31,224
15 Japan 30,833
16 Finland 29,615
17 Chile 29,574
18 Netherlands 27,557
19 Italy 25,325
20 Sweden 23,956

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach