Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United Kingdom 350,947
2 Australia 94,690
3 China 88,227
4 United States 67,200
5 Netherlands 43,665
6 Indonesia 39,695
7 Germany 31,536
8 Malaysia 28,054
9 Sweden 26,244
10 Italy 21,038
11 Brazil 20,096
12 New Zealand 19,914
13 Egypt 16,690
14 South Africa 15,582
15 Canada 14,301
16 Finland 13,989
17 Taiwan 12,503
18 Turkey 12,397
19 Iran 12,377
20 France 12,066

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach