Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 1,145,556
2 India 289,976
3 United States 202,664
4 United Kingdom 149,775
5 Taiwan 126,665
6 Germany 118,893
7 South Korea 92,727
8 Japan 81,660
9 Turkey 72,819
10 Canada 64,204
11 Brazil 53,928
12 Australia 45,402
13 Malaysia 39,907
14 France 36,985
15 Italy 34,266
16 Russia 28,913
17 Spain 27,984
18 Hong Kong 27,343
19 Poland 25,987
20 Singapore 24,310

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach