Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 213,959
2 United Kingdom 169,892
3 United States 153,004
4 Australia 74,591
5 Malaysia 42,115
6 Hong Kong 38,252
7 Thailand 32,928
8 Taiwan 31,206
9 Canada 30,690
10 New Zealand 24,443
11 Turkey 22,122
12 South Korea 20,386
13 Spain 16,679
14 Japan 16,521
15 Netherlands 12,115
16 Singapore 11,506
17 Sweden 10,339
18 Germany 10,279
19 South Africa 10,038
20 Iran 8,671

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach