Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 215,503
2 United Kingdom 186,423
3 United States 163,463
4 Australia 73,514
5 Malaysia 52,873
6 Thailand 41,765
7 Taiwan 41,572
8 Hong Kong 41,440
9 Turkey 30,696
10 Canada 29,839
11 South Korea 24,692
12 New Zealand 22,546
13 Spain 17,111
14 Japan 15,735
15 South Africa 13,482
16 Netherlands 12,399
17 Sweden 12,352
18 Singapore 12,227
19 Germany 11,433
20 Iran 8,677

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach