Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 215,430
2 United Kingdom 183,256
3 United States 160,736
4 Australia 71,783
5 Malaysia 46,465
6 Hong Kong 40,687
7 Thailand 37,877
8 Taiwan 35,545
9 Canada 29,448
10 Turkey 27,554
11 South Korea 23,768
12 New Zealand 23,144
13 Spain 17,132
14 Japan 16,922
15 South Africa 13,237
16 Netherlands 12,136
17 Singapore 11,971
18 Sweden 11,443
19 Germany 10,956
20 Iran 9,460

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

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