Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 1,035,432
2 China 684,657
3 United Kingdom 292,395
4 Australia 150,181
5 Canada 149,771
6 Japan 131,090
7 Germany 90,720
8 Brazil 74,711
9 South Korea 74,610
10 Italy 73,679
11 Netherlands 72,642
12 Spain 59,734
13 France 58,457
14 Turkey 47,257
15 Taiwan 40,500
16 Switzerland 36,855
17 Sweden 34,963
18 Ireland 34,055
19 Mexico 30,035
20 Israel 29,971

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach