Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 981,075
2 China 596,848
3 United Kingdom 247,503
4 Australia 136,980
5 Canada 134,784
6 Japan 119,255
7 Germany 96,360
8 Brazil 72,697
9 Netherlands 66,011
10 South Korea 64,965
11 Italy 63,813
12 France 57,689
13 Spain 51,433
14 Taiwan 39,905
15 Turkey 36,282
16 Switzerland 33,678
17 Sweden 32,654
18 Mexico 31,571
19 Ireland 30,571
20 Israel 28,575

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach