Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 52,920
2 Japan 52,171
3 United Kingdom 51,169
4 United States 45,024
5 Australia 22,660
6 Germany 12,296
7 Malaysia 9,488
8 Canada 8,694
9 South Korea 8,188
10 Netherlands 8,001
11 Indonesia 7,472
12 Turkey 5,276
13 Taiwan 4,554
14 France 4,441
15 India 4,130
16 Thailand 3,595
17 Italy 3,374
18 Hong Kong 3,173
19 Singapore 3,136
20 New Zealand 2,888

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach