Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 536,495
2 United States 490,130
3 United Kingdom 135,447
4 India 101,753
5 Japan 89,435
6 Germany 77,267
7 South Korea 66,990
8 Canada 58,249
9 Australia 52,887
10 France 48,324
11 Switzerland 39,479
12 Italy 39,444
13 Brazil 34,538
14 Taiwan 32,819
15 Netherlands 30,879
16 Spain 30,349
17 Turkey 23,601
18 Thailand 19,187
19 Mexico 18,584
20 Sweden 18,410

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach