Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 522,644
2 China 377,991
3 United Kingdom 136,234
4 India 95,314
5 Japan 87,529
6 Germany 83,872
7 Canada 59,609
8 South Korea 58,828
9 Australia 51,307
10 France 48,170
11 Switzerland 39,068
12 Italy 37,244
13 Brazil 34,152
14 Taiwan 31,274
15 Netherlands 31,260
16 Spain 28,063
17 Turkey 20,172
18 Mexico 19,654
19 Thailand 18,445
20 Sweden 18,185

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach