Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 570,838
2 China 321,213
3 United Kingdom 143,451
4 India 99,738
5 Germany 92,512
6 Japan 90,186
7 Canada 62,736
8 South Korea 55,445
9 France 51,778
10 Australia 51,380
11 Switzerland 39,935
12 Italy 39,215
13 Brazil 36,630
14 Taiwan 31,690
15 Netherlands 31,519
16 Spain 29,743
17 Mexico 21,199
18 Sweden 19,802
19 Turkey 18,948
20 Thailand 17,909

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach