Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 588,335
2 China 304,373
3 United Kingdom 151,275
4 India 99,597
5 Germany 97,524
6 Japan 93,187
7 Canada 62,721
8 South Korea 55,987
9 France 53,299
10 Australia 52,254
11 Switzerland 40,323
12 Italy 40,048
13 Brazil 36,029
14 Taiwan 34,356
15 Netherlands 31,099
16 Spain 29,739
17 Sweden 20,911
18 Mexico 19,222
19 Turkey 17,818
20 Thailand 17,235

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach