Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 2,104,355
2 United States 374,965
3 India 287,413
4 United Kingdom 243,655
5 South Korea 139,600
6 Germany 108,919
7 Australia 100,366
8 Canada 95,141
9 Taiwan 92,542
10 France 91,751
11 Brazil 86,623
12 Italy 81,553
13 Turkey 80,063
14 Japan 63,885
15 Malaysia 59,063
16 Iran 48,575
17 Hong Kong 46,542
18 Spain 40,574
19 Poland 40,182
20 Belgium 39,504

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach