Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 1,720,562
2 United States 325,995
3 India 290,536
4 United Kingdom 211,725
5 South Korea 116,776
6 Germany 102,848
7 Canada 87,752
8 Australia 85,492
9 France 84,553
10 Taiwan 82,160
11 Brazil 77,982
12 Italy 73,200
13 Turkey 71,134
14 Malaysia 59,097
15 Japan 55,006
16 Iran 41,872
17 Hong Kong 41,193
18 Poland 38,937
19 Spain 38,345
20 Belgium 33,535

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach