Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 2,452,480
2 United States 410,760
3 India 270,400
4 United Kingdom 264,918
5 South Korea 166,702
6 Germany 109,762
7 Australia 109,321
8 Canada 100,249
9 Taiwan 99,597
10 France 96,108
11 Italy 91,306
12 Brazil 90,468
13 Turkey 88,062
14 Japan 76,757
15 Malaysia 56,478
16 Hong Kong 54,555
17 Iran 47,332
18 Belgium 44,954
19 Poland 43,079
20 Spain 42,138

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach