Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 558,181
2 China 101,634
3 United Kingdom 95,440
4 Canada 75,875
5 Japan 66,960
6 Italy 58,856
7 Australia 57,703
8 Turkey 53,944
9 Netherlands 37,536
10 France 36,452
11 South Korea 35,480
12 Germany 35,286
13 Hong Kong 33,455
14 Brazil 31,656
15 Spain 30,569
16 Switzerland 26,429
17 Taiwan 23,704
18 Mexico 22,248
19 Thailand 17,899
20 Belgium 17,834

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach