Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 931,478
2 United Kingdom 404,766
3 Australia 263,120
4 Canada 156,777
5 Netherlands 121,456
6 China 77,988
7 Germany 76,110
8 Turkey 43,584
9 South Korea 36,906
10 Israel 33,983
11 Sweden 32,435
12 Spain 30,099
13 Italy 29,194
14 New Zealand 25,090
15 Japan 23,028
16 France 22,155
17 Switzerland 21,576
18 Hong Kong 20,744
19 Ireland 19,573
20 Norway 19,515

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach