Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 1,394,130
2 United States 159,511
3 Australia 119,219
4 United Kingdom 113,056
5 India 74,726
6 Canada 61,824
7 Iran 58,431
8 Singapore 57,301
9 Turkey 57,245
10 South Korea 55,976
11 Hong Kong 34,980
12 Japan 33,603
13 Taiwan 33,199
14 France 30,030
15 Italy 26,308
16 Brazil 26,248
17 Spain 26,244
18 Thailand 25,334
19 Malaysia 24,446
20 Germany 24,267

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach