Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 1,021,052
2 United States 142,993
3 United Kingdom 97,529
4 Australia 91,433
5 India 78,838
6 Turkey 64,931
7 Iran 58,594
8 Canada 56,906
9 South Korea 49,929
10 Singapore 44,191
11 Hong Kong 33,409
12 Taiwan 33,327
13 Japan 28,785
14 Brazil 25,822
15 Malaysia 25,613
16 Italy 25,452
17 Germany 24,685
18 Spain 22,790
19 Thailand 22,777
20 France 21,561

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach