Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 1,221,066
2 United States 156,688
3 Australia 108,188
4 United Kingdom 104,883
5 India 81,208
6 Iran 63,752
7 Turkey 60,901
8 Canada 60,813
9 South Korea 52,221
10 Singapore 49,818
11 Hong Kong 32,275
12 Taiwan 32,058
13 Japan 31,096
14 France 26,374
15 Brazil 26,355
16 Italy 26,171
17 Malaysia 25,810
18 Germany 24,843
19 Thailand 23,805
20 Spain 22,615

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach