Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 45,771
2 China 10,571
3 United Kingdom 8,270
4 Canada 6,520
5 Australia 4,704
6 Turkey 4,183
7 Indonesia 3,108
8 Thailand 2,550
9 Malaysia 2,459
10 Netherlands 1,929
11 Taiwan 1,909
12 Philippines 1,629
13 South Africa 1,447
14 South Korea 1,349
15 Norway 1,115
16 New Zealand 1,076
17 Sweden 1,015
18 Spain 872
19 Colombia 786
20 Japan 756

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.