Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 105,680
2 United States 58,165
3 India 32,340
4 Brazil 24,182
5 Thailand 19,307
6 Japan 18,719
7 United Kingdom 16,692
8 Australia 12,693
9 Canada 12,542
10 Germany 12,397
11 France 12,243
12 South Korea 11,774
13 Taiwan 11,364
14 Mexico 9,899
15 Italy 9,215
16 Spain 8,957
17 Turkey 8,535
18 Netherlands 7,645
19 Colombia 7,458
20 Pakistan 7,301

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach