Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 108,160
2 United States 66,355
3 India 38,547
4 United Kingdom 34,354
5 Germany 17,766
6 Japan 17,719
7 Taiwan 17,053
8 South Korea 16,637
9 Australia 14,380
10 France 10,534
11 Canada 10,255
12 Netherlands 9,584
13 Spain 9,389
14 Turkey 8,611
15 Brazil 8,118
16 Malaysia 6,745
17 Hong Kong 5,541
18 Italy 5,479
19 Thailand 5,173
20 Indonesia 4,836

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach