Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 100,490
2 United States 67,615
3 India 43,792
4 United Kingdom 33,931
5 Germany 18,545
6 Japan 18,089
7 Taiwan 17,210
8 South Korea 15,642
9 Australia 14,685
10 France 10,477
11 Canada 10,077
12 Spain 9,977
13 Turkey 9,151
14 Netherlands 8,947
15 Brazil 8,507
16 Malaysia 7,536
17 Indonesia 6,409
18 Thailand 5,616
19 Italy 5,311
20 Hong Kong 5,302

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

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