Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 90,087
2 United States 65,189
3 India 44,440
4 United Kingdom 32,929
5 Germany 18,095
6 Japan 16,897
7 Taiwan 16,083
8 South Korea 14,040
9 Australia 13,686
10 France 11,065
11 Spain 10,531
12 Canada 10,056
13 Turkey 8,980
14 Brazil 8,431
15 Malaysia 7,884
16 Netherlands 6,243
17 Indonesia 6,186
18 Thailand 5,569
19 Italy 5,228
20 Hong Kong 4,936

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach