Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 116,383
2 United States 69,069
3 United Kingdom 35,317
4 India 34,307
5 South Korea 18,614
6 Japan 18,067
7 Taiwan 17,411
8 Germany 15,443
9 Australia 14,675
10 Canada 11,080
11 France 10,859
12 Netherlands 10,478
13 Spain 9,441
14 Turkey 9,297
15 Brazil 7,013
16 Hong Kong 6,378
17 Malaysia 6,233
18 Italy 5,651
19 Switzerland 5,239
20 Thailand 4,644

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach