Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 196,752
2 United Kingdom 133,304
3 Australia 54,714
4 Canada 44,347
5 China 38,412
6 Germany 26,087
7 Netherlands 20,616
8 Turkey 16,057
9 France 11,455
10 Japan 10,857
11 Switzerland 9,980
12 Italy 9,954
13 Israel 9,138
14 South Korea 7,676
15 New Zealand 7,591
16 Spain 7,588
17 Taiwan 7,182
18 Hong Kong 6,613
19 Sweden 6,166
20 Belgium 5,773

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach