Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 1,093,566
2 United Kingdom 285,248
3 Australia 253,297
4 China 138,576
5 Canada 113,295
6 Turkey 63,724
7 Netherlands 61,159
8 Hong Kong 50,048
9 Germany 33,059
10 Sweden 30,613
11 Taiwan 29,746
12 New Zealand 27,878
13 South Korea 24,233
14 Finland 22,967
15 Singapore 22,928
16 Greece 21,624
17 Israel 21,552
18 Ireland 21,109
19 Malaysia 20,491
20 Indonesia 20,342

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

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