Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 1,084,336
2 United Kingdom 275,992
3 Australia 248,739
4 China 124,313
5 Canada 108,163
6 Netherlands 60,082
7 Turkey 55,629
8 Hong Kong 43,357
9 Germany 35,219
10 Taiwan 28,944
11 New Zealand 28,395
12 Sweden 28,256
13 South Korea 23,891
14 Singapore 23,303
15 Indonesia 21,802
16 South Africa 20,769
17 Finland 20,694
18 Malaysia 20,519
19 Israel 20,291
20 Ireland 19,632

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach