Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United Kingdom 693,524
2 United States 525,190
3 China 356,079
4 Germany 345,152
5 Netherlands 308,291
6 Australia 258,689
7 Canada 106,255
8 Sweden 89,497
9 France 69,579
10 Italy 67,475
11 South Korea 66,474
12 South Africa 66,454
13 India 66,043
14 Spain 61,575
15 Switzerland 60,872
16 Belgium 58,649
17 Finland 56,154
18 Denmark 55,386
19 Brazil 48,669
20 New Zealand 48,049

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach