Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United Kingdom 700,178
2 United States 534,898
3 China 379,827
4 Germany 320,332
5 Netherlands 309,664
6 Australia 260,172
7 Canada 113,248
8 Sweden 91,971
9 Italy 73,145
10 France 72,691
11 India 70,489
12 South Korea 69,609
13 Spain 63,978
14 Switzerland 63,704
15 South Africa 63,599
16 Belgium 62,389
17 Finland 57,209
18 Denmark 53,988
19 Brazil 47,392
20 Norway 45,020

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach