Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 314,690
2 United Kingdom 307,022
3 Australia 166,809
4 China 97,197
5 Canada 47,685
6 Netherlands 43,980
7 Germany 37,121
8 Turkey 31,990
9 South Africa 26,722
10 Sweden 24,721
11 Norway 24,020
12 Malaysia 23,222
13 Finland 23,105
14 Taiwan 21,862
15 Hong Kong 20,809
16 New Zealand 19,848
17 Thailand 19,356
18 Spain 16,929
19 Ireland 16,226
20 Indonesia 15,857

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach