Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United Kingdom 96,687
2 China 69,596
3 United States 62,865
4 Australia 41,725
5 Indonesia 37,489
6 Netherlands 18,828
7 Malaysia 18,166
8 Germany 14,589
9 Egypt 14,221
10 Iran 11,944
11 Brazil 11,658
12 Taiwan 11,541
13 India 9,620
14 Turkey 9,464
15 Sweden 8,947
16 Canada 8,684
17 New Zealand 7,081
18 Thailand 6,790
19 Italy 6,770
20 Portugal 5,996

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach