Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 1,228,969
2 United Kingdom 284,301
3 Australia 195,644
4 Canada 159,377
5 Sweden 60,226
6 China 59,873
7 Turkey 54,835
8 Thailand 32,525
9 Ireland 31,695
10 Brazil 28,776
11 Italy 28,637
12 South Korea 28,409
13 Netherlands 27,883
14 Iran 26,587
15 Spain 25,192
16 Taiwan 25,182
17 Indonesia 23,779
18 New Zealand 22,225
19 Hong Kong 21,563
20 Norway 21,520

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach