Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 1,108,385
2 United Kingdom 261,553
3 Australia 185,554
4 Canada 146,162
5 China 60,454
6 Sweden 58,498
7 Turkey 45,167
8 Thailand 33,144
9 Ireland 28,693
10 Brazil 27,084
11 Iran 26,722
12 Netherlands 25,739
13 Italy 25,573
14 South Korea 25,436
15 Indonesia 23,282
16 Taiwan 23,158
17 Spain 23,014
18 New Zealand 21,778
19 Hong Kong 21,527
20 Belgium 20,150

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach