Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 France 199,004
2 Switzerland 16,575
3 Canada 12,422
4 United States 9,617
5 Brazil 2,898
6 Senegal 2,882
7 China 2,752
8 Lebanon 2,140
9 United Kingdom 1,835
10 RĂ©union 1,656
11 Netherlands 1,520
12 Italy 1,285
13 Belgium 1,144
14 Spain 1,069
15 Tunisia 809
16 Japan 693
17 Algeria 632
18 Germany 577
19 Australia 474
20 Guadeloupe 436

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach