Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 1,815,493
2 United States 726,679
3 South Korea 213,480
4 Japan 207,972
5 United Kingdom 184,328
6 Brazil 172,617
7 Taiwan 152,097
8 Turkey 143,542
9 India 106,139
10 Australia 103,096
11 Thailand 102,974
12 Germany 101,828
13 Italy 99,297
14 Canada 89,921
15 Russia 76,873
16 France 73,010
17 Mexico 63,931
18 Spain 61,707
19 Iran 54,220
20 Netherlands 48,323

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach