Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 916,184
2 United Kingdom 469,274
3 Australia 290,810
4 China 251,320
5 Germany 220,970
6 Netherlands 213,688
7 Canada 117,495
8 South Korea 59,615
9 Hong Kong 49,779
10 Switzerland 38,861
11 France 37,135
12 Singapore 36,352
13 Taiwan 35,186
14 Sweden 33,861
15 Israel 31,551
16 India 30,763
17 Turkey 30,213
18 Japan 29,691
19 New Zealand 28,476
20 Belgium 28,133

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach