Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 396,313
2 United Kingdom 275,023
3 China 125,863
4 Australia 101,769
5 Germany 85,139
6 Canada 65,011
7 Netherlands 62,554
8 Japan 35,304
9 Taiwan 27,809
10 South Korea 25,368
11 Hong Kong 23,336
12 France 21,935
13 Israel 18,241
14 Spain 17,397
15 Belgium 17,169
16 Turkey 15,658
17 Switzerland 14,777
18 Italy 13,639
19 Sweden 10,643
20 New Zealand 10,304

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach