Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 47,037
2 China 41,889
3 Germany 17,487
4 United Kingdom 14,238
5 India 13,076
6 France 12,057
7 Japan 11,501
8 Canada 9,792
9 Austria 8,451
10 Spain 6,667
11 Italy 6,164
12 South Korea 5,421
13 Turkey 4,855
14 Mexico 4,587
15 Australia 4,109
16 Thailand 4,076
17 Netherlands 4,022
18 Russia 3,419
19 Brazil 3,309
20 Poland 3,250

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach