Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 46,394
2 China 45,810
3 Germany 19,778
4 United Kingdom 14,708
5 India 13,066
6 France 13,026
7 Japan 12,238
8 Canada 10,630
9 Austria 8,509
10 Spain 7,077
11 Italy 6,589
12 Turkey 5,682
13 Thailand 4,890
14 South Korea 4,648
15 Brazil 4,635
16 Taiwan 4,554
17 Australia 4,529
18 Netherlands 4,028
19 Poland 3,584
20 Switzerland 3,474

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach