Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 48,693
2 China 45,730
3 Germany 20,836
4 United Kingdom 14,809
5 India 13,511
6 France 13,421
7 Japan 12,307
8 Canada 10,469
9 Austria 9,846
10 Spain 7,059
11 Italy 6,836
12 Turkey 6,022
13 Brazil 5,015
14 Australia 4,908
15 Thailand 4,849
16 Taiwan 4,503
17 South Korea 4,253
18 Netherlands 3,977
19 Poland 3,818
20 Switzerland 3,722

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach