Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 5,664,622
2 United Kingdom 2,947,995
3 China 1,770,086
4 Australia 1,746,035
5 Canada 922,762
6 Netherlands 784,900
7 Taiwan 711,820
8 Germany 665,203
9 Malaysia 542,678
10 Turkey 456,306
11 South Korea 394,657
12 Hong Kong 343,694
13 Indonesia 274,037
14 Thailand 249,107
15 Spain 233,089
16 Sweden 230,448
17 Belgium 229,453
18 India 220,886
19 South Africa 210,739
20 New Zealand 202,702

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach