Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 5,783,400
2 United Kingdom 3,153,878
3 China 1,946,520
4 Australia 1,774,444
5 Canada 970,825
6 Netherlands 872,924
7 Taiwan 730,624
8 Germany 659,088
9 Malaysia 537,443
10 Turkey 497,770
11 South Korea 463,414
12 Hong Kong 393,670
13 Indonesia 277,887
14 Spain 255,294
15 Belgium 251,795
16 Sweden 250,835
17 Thailand 233,532
18 India 215,719
19 Italy 212,258
20 South Africa 211,341

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach