Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 1,568,365
2 United Kingdom 1,031,642
3 Australia 779,582
4 China 478,237
5 Canada 206,572
6 Turkey 165,393
7 Netherlands 150,259
8 New Zealand 130,980
9 Hong Kong 116,565
10 South Africa 115,628
11 Germany 114,670
12 Taiwan 85,280
13 Finland 84,747
14 Malaysia 84,094
15 Ireland 75,231
16 Sweden 61,807
17 Spain 60,907
18 Israel 56,144
19 Thailand 54,210
20 Belgium 54,077

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach