Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 1,616,927
2 United Kingdom 1,075,103
3 Australia 805,494
4 China 530,167
5 Canada 218,835
6 Turkey 177,196
7 Netherlands 156,093
8 New Zealand 131,425
9 Hong Kong 125,049
10 South Africa 114,957
11 Germany 109,304
12 Finland 91,412
13 Taiwan 86,786
14 Malaysia 83,942
15 Ireland 82,405
16 Sweden 68,136
17 Spain 65,190
18 Norway 62,376
19 Israel 60,731
20 Belgium 59,861

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach