Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 1,755,753
2 Japan 294,713
3 China 294,351
4 United Kingdom 180,619
5 Canada 138,947
6 South Korea 134,078
7 Germany 129,711
8 Netherlands 128,971
9 Italy 128,762
10 Australia 116,836
11 Taiwan 66,201
12 France 65,025
13 Spain 51,182
14 Brazil 50,614
15 Thailand 50,443
16 Switzerland 48,922
17 Sweden 39,517
18 India 36,916
19 Belgium 28,512
20 Ireland 27,303

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

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