Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 1,858,586
2 China 341,311
3 Japan 312,924
4 United Kingdom 222,042
5 Germany 161,475
6 Canada 157,016
7 Italy 150,709
8 Netherlands 134,117
9 South Korea 134,035
10 Australia 124,003
11 France 92,592
12 Brazil 77,218
13 Taiwan 72,807
14 Spain 64,919
15 Thailand 59,772
16 Russia 54,746
17 Switzerland 48,145
18 India 46,666
19 Sweden 46,347
20 Turkey 33,399

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach