Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 1,859,798
2 China 360,766
3 Japan 312,967
4 United Kingdom 226,369
5 Germany 166,841
6 Italy 158,214
7 Canada 154,384
8 South Korea 133,358
9 Netherlands 132,838
10 Australia 123,635
11 France 105,893
12 Brazil 87,927
13 Taiwan 76,503
14 Spain 71,328
15 Russia 69,043
16 Thailand 62,766
17 India 51,711
18 Sweden 48,943
19 Switzerland 48,441
20 Turkey 36,912

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach