Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 282,693
2 China 88,643
3 United Kingdom 82,630
4 Australia 54,627
5 Canada 41,597
6 India 20,912
7 South Africa 20,851
8 Sweden 20,075
9 Malaysia 16,689
10 Taiwan 16,094
11 Indonesia 14,763
12 Netherlands 13,403
13 South Korea 12,871
14 Germany 11,274
15 Spain 11,261
16 Japan 10,888
17 Turkey 9,723
18 Norway 9,257
19 New Zealand 8,715
20 Finland 8,269

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.