Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 284,434
2 China 83,684
3 United Kingdom 81,054
4 Australia 55,629
5 Canada 41,196
6 India 27,129
7 Sweden 21,910
8 South Africa 20,701
9 Taiwan 17,528
10 Malaysia 17,299
11 Indonesia 15,424
12 Netherlands 13,356
13 South Korea 12,773
14 Germany 12,707
15 Spain 11,940
16 Japan 10,974
17 Turkey 9,372
18 Norway 8,969
19 New Zealand 8,811
20 Pakistan 8,171

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.