Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 280,852
2 China 80,175
3 United Kingdom 79,091
4 Australia 57,586
5 Canada 40,312
6 India 29,608
7 Sweden 23,069
8 South Africa 19,984
9 Taiwan 19,120
10 Malaysia 18,828
11 Indonesia 15,111
12 Netherlands 13,601
13 Germany 13,285
14 South Korea 12,551
15 Japan 10,731
16 Spain 10,222
17 Thailand 9,136
18 New Zealand 8,936
19 Turkey 8,650
20 Norway 8,236

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.