Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 339,590
2 China 333,944
3 United Kingdom 231,659
4 Australia 121,272
5 Netherlands 100,134
6 Germany 61,921
7 Canada 60,402
8 Indonesia 59,175
9 South Korea 53,727
10 Brazil 47,562
11 South Africa 42,976
12 Malaysia 40,847
13 Sweden 38,708
14 Turkey 35,315
15 India 34,621
16 Taiwan 31,978
17 Switzerland 31,680
18 Italy 29,925
19 Spain 26,938
20 Belgium 26,758

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach