Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 336,927
2 China 282,490
3 United Kingdom 214,757
4 Australia 117,029
5 Netherlands 94,426
6 Germany 60,218
7 Canada 58,622
8 Indonesia 57,208
9 South Korea 49,155
10 Brazil 48,742
11 South Africa 43,210
12 Malaysia 39,122
13 India 36,805
14 Sweden 33,731
15 Turkey 31,587
16 Taiwan 30,720
17 Switzerland 25,918
18 Italy 25,728
19 Russia 25,435
20 Spain 25,011

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach