Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 483,904
2 United States 357,835
3 Thailand 155,404
4 Brazil 135,582
5 South Korea 131,296
6 Italy 119,159
7 Spain 103,623
8 United Kingdom 100,459
9 Turkey 97,459
10 Canada 85,264
11 France 75,056
12 Australia 74,092
13 Japan 70,178
14 Taiwan 57,965
15 India 56,653
16 Germany 50,609
17 Mexico 48,683
18 Netherlands 45,962
19 Malaysia 38,401
20 Belgium 36,357

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach