Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 553,555
2 United States 360,382
3 South Korea 140,710
4 Thailand 135,674
5 Brazil 133,824
6 Italy 123,161
7 Spain 108,978
8 Turkey 105,615
9 United Kingdom 104,353
10 Canada 86,234
11 Australia 77,365
12 France 75,609
13 Japan 71,732
14 Taiwan 58,083
15 India 46,239
16 Netherlands 45,623
17 Germany 44,738
18 Mexico 43,902
19 Greece 40,820
20 Belgium 39,120

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach